is quite simple and straightforward. You just need to contact a company and get an appropriate plan for your website depending on what you need. Even if you are not sure, someone at the company will be able to suggest an appropriate plan for you. 

However, if you don’t have a nical background, understanding some of the terms might be a challenge. You should know some basic terms while purchasing the service as well as when the website is up and running. 

We have simplified commonly used terms in this helpful glossary. Read on.

.htaccess

.htaccess or hypertext access is a configuration file. It is used with Apache servers to carry out tasks such as creating file permissions, blocking certain websites, and improving SEO.

Addon Domain

An addon domain is a fully functional domain that can be created from within the control panel. All functionalities of the primary domain such as creating a website or addresses can be performed on the addon domain, too. The addon domain is an independent domain with no reference to the primary domain. Only, the files of both domains share the same control panel and server.

Apache Web Server

Apache Web Server is a free, open-source web server. The server has plenty of useful features and is popular among service providers. It is also a very stable server platform. The server delivers the content to users over their web browsers.

b2evolution  

b2evolution is a content management platform that supports multiple users and multiple languages. It is an open-source platform created in PHP. The backend has a database in MySQL. It is an efficient platform for managing blogs.

Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the amount of data transfer at any point on your account. The data transfer occurs every time an action takes place such as a website visit, sending or receiving an , downloading or uploading a file, etc.  

Blog

A Blog is a website that is regularly updated with content known as posts. Individuals or groups of people update this content. The content is usually in an informal style and is displayed in reverse chronological order.

Bounce Rate

The bounce rate determines the number of visitors who come to the website but leave it within a short time without taking any action on the website. A low bounce rate indicates that a high number of visitors leave the website quickly without taking any action. This can happen when the users don’t find what they are looking for on a website or if the browsing experience is poor. 

Catch-all

Catch-all is an address that will catch all s sent to a domain. This includes s sent to addresses on the domain that haven’t been set up. Thus, catch-all also catches s in which the recipient’s address is misspelt. 

Cloud

Cloud hosting is a type of where multiple servers store data in the cloud. A website hosted on cloud will be able to use resources from different servers as and when needed. It is an affordable type that can quickly ramp up or ramp down resources as required by the website.

Cloudlet

A cloudlet is an extension to the cloud computing infrastructure to provide efficient computing resources to mobile applications. It is a small-scale datacentre located on the loud that provides a low response time to interactive applications. 

Content Management Sy (CMS)

It is a backend sy used to manage content on a website. The CMS provides formatting options to make the content look more presentable when it is posted on the website. You can even add themes through CMS. You can edit and update the posted content easily through CMS at any time. Examples of popular content management sys include WordPress, Joomla, etc.

Control Panel

The control panel is a central hub to manage the account. It is provided by the company to manage your account and website. You can add domains, subdomains, and new web pages through the control panel. You can also add addresses, install server applications, and manage databases.

Country Code TLD

Country Code TLD (Top Level Domain) is a two-letter code for a website specific to a country. For example, ‘.uk’ is used for the United Kingdom and ‘.nl’ is used for New Zealand.

cPanel

cPanel is the control panel that is used with Linux operating sy. It contains all the tools for website management including a graphical interface and automation tools.

Database

A database is a sy to store data in an organized manner. The data is stored syatically in rows and columns so that accessing the data at any point becomes easy.

Datacentre

A datacentre is a physical infrastructure for computer networks and servers. The data centers for a single company can be located at different locations and house the company’s IT infrastructure.

DDOS Attack

Denial of Service Attack (DDOS) is a cyber-attack where the Trojan virus infects various sys in a network and is targeted at disabling a single sy thus making the network resources unavailable for service.

Dedicated

When you get dedicated hosting, you get complete control of the server on which the website is hosted. You rent the server and can use all the resources that come with it. 

Dedicated IP

A dedicated IP is an IP given exclusively to a account and is used by the website hosted by that account. A dedicated IP is needed when you want to install an for added security.

Disk Space

The amount of storage space connected with the account is known as disk space. It is used for storing images, s, web pages, databases, etc. Thus, depending on the requirement, a plan with adequate disk space needs to be .

DKIM (Domain Keys Identified Mail)

DKIM is a process that matches the id with the mentioned sender and checks whether the id has changed in transit. When a sender sends an , a digital signature is associated with the . DKIM checks the key of the digital signature against the actual signature on the message.

Domain Aliases

A domain alias is an alternate domain name. An alias for the main domain name can be used to direct users to the same website, thus enabling website owners to use multiple for the same website.

Domain Parking

Domain parking is primarily done to reserve a domain name that you wish to use. A website with the same domain name is not necessarily launched right away. However, business owners can ‘park’ the domain name for future use.

Domain Privacy

Domain Privacy is a service through which users can protect their private information when they register a domain. Privacy is an add-on feature that you need to buy at the time of registering the domain with the Domain Registrar.

Domain Registrar

A Domain Registrar is a company that lets you register the purchased . When you register the domain name, you also get the desired domain name extensions such as .co.uk, .net, .org, etc.

DNS (Domain Name Server)

Users can identify a website using its domain name. However, the computer only understands the IP address. DNS bridges this gap by translating the domain name or hostname into the IP address. It maintains a database of and hostnames with their corresponding IP address. The DNS process acts as an interface between the user and the computer.

Drupal

Drupal is a content management sy. It is free for use and can be customized according to user needs. It supports media content and can be used to publish content on a website. It can be used by multiple users to upload content to a website. It is a PHP-based open-source sy.

E-commerce

It is a platform that facilitates setting up an online store. It is easy to use and includes optimized web servers so that setting up and managing an online store becomes convenient.

An service enables you to create IDs on the domain name that you have registered.   

Auto-Responder

By using Auto Responder, you can send automatic messages from a specific ID when you receive s. The senders can be notified if you are out of the office or on a vacation. It can also be used to send acknowledgment s to senders to let them know that their message has been received and will be actioned upon. You can draft the automatic response before setting up Auto Responder.

Error Pages

An error page notifies website visitors if there is an error when they try to access a web page. The error page is displayed when there is an error related to the server or when the page a visitor is trying to access is not available.

Fantastico

Fantastico is a script library that can be accessed from the cPanel. It can be used to instal required web applications such as WordPress or Drupal.

File Permission

File Permission is a set of access levels that can be associated with a particular user account. It can be used to provide complete access to the file or read-only access.

Forum

A forum is an online community that can be accessed by multiple users. These users can read the content on the forum and can also contribute to it. You can create a forum associated with your website.

Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a platform provided by Google that can be used to track certain metrics for a website. These metrics are related to the traffic to the website. The platform offers both free and paid services.

Google Webmaster

Google webmaster is a tool is used for increasing the visibility of your website. Another name for this tool is Google Search Console. It is a free service and can be used to check how the web pages are indexed so that actions can be taken to optimise the pages and improve rankings.

Green

Green is a service that uses eco-friendly energy resources wherever possible. For example, it could use renewable energy resources to power the servers or could carry out tree plantation drives to offset the power consumption.

Guestbook

A Guestbook is a web page in a website that is used to collect feedback and reviews from website visitors.

Hack Alert Monitoring

Hack Alert Monitoring is a service that monitors your website for any threat from hackers. It alerts you if the website has been hacked or if malicious code is found. 

High Availability

If a sy has High Availability, it indicates that the sy uptime is higher than normal. It also indicates that the sy can run for longer periods of time without any issues. 

Horizontal Scaling

Horizontal scaling refers to creating a wider network to keep pace with increasing website traffic. This could involve adding more machines to the sy or adding more nodes.

HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

HTML is a language used to create web pages. The HTML code is converted into a readable web page by the web browser.

HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)

HTTP is the base of the world wide web. It is used to transfer text, images, videos, etc. over the internet.

ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers)

ICANN is an organization that tracks and manages the unique identification number associated with each computer. This number can be used to facilitate communication between two or more computers.

IP Address

Internet Protocol (IP) Address is a code comprising numbers and dots that is used to identify a computer device connected to the internet. 

IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)

IMAP is a process for retrieving an message from the copy of the original message that is saved inside the server. Users who work with multiple computers use this process for tracking and retrieval.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a programming language used to add dynamic content to websites. The JavaScript code runs on the user’s web browser to display the web page.  

Joomla

Joomla is an open-source content management tool. It can be used to manage content on websites and blogs. It also has a CRM that connects the website to a database to manage the content conveniently.

Linux Server

Linux server is a server that is powered by Linux, an open-source operating sy.

Load Balancer

When there are multiple servers in a sy, the load balancer distributes the traffic as well as resources over different servers. This does not put the load on one particular server causing it to crash. It improves the overall reliability of the sy.

Managed

When you choose Managed Hosting, the company offering the manages the account on your behalf. All the software upgrades, admin tasks, etc. are managed by the company. Managed is ideal for those users who do not have the nical resources to manage the .

Malware

Malware is malicious software that can harm or completely disable a website, computer, or network. 

Mailing List

Mailing lists are lists of addresses of recipients to whom you want to send common s. s can be sent to the entire mailing list in one go.

MySQL

MySQL is an open-source database that can be used to store, manage, and retrieve information as and when required. MySQL is compatible with various applications including some which you can install on your website making it easy to save/retrieve data from the website as needed.

MX Record (Mail Exchange Record)

MX Record is stored within the DNS sy. It directs to a mail server and indicates how messages should be routed. 

Office 365

Office 365 is a subscription-based platform from Microsoft. It provides Office apps such as Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc. on devices as well as over the internet. It also provides cloud storage known as OneDrive and other productivity software. All of this can be used both on Windows and macOS operating sys.       

On-Page Optimisation

On-Page optimisation is a set of activities that are carried out on the web pages and their HTML source code in order to help the website rank higher on the search engine results page.

osCommerce

osCommerce is a free, open-source platform that can be used to set up and manage e-commerce stores. 

Overselling

When the company attempts to sell more than what they can deliver, it is known as overselling. When the company oversells, the website might not work well because it might not get the adequate resources as promised (and required). It is an unethical practice.

Perl (Practical Extraction Reporting Language)

It is a popular web development language. Perl usually refers to the language Perl 5 and Raku (previously known as Perl 6).

PHP

PHP is a scripting language that can be embedded into the HTML code. It is used in dynamic websites. 

phpMyAdmin

It is an open-source platform that is used to perform different tasks such as creating and modifying databases, modifying and deleting tables and fields, running SQL queries to retrieve information, and managing user access permissions for the data.

Plesk

Plesk is a control panel used to manage a account and its applications. It is available for both Windows and Linux.

POP (Post Office Protocol)

POP is used to authenticate messages. It can be used with mail client apps such as Microsoft Outlook. It works by retrieving an from the mail server to authenticate it.

RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)

It is a nique to store the same data in different places on multiple hard disks or solid-state drives. It ensures that the data can still be retrieved even if one drive fails.

Raw Log Files

Raw log files are text files that can be accessed through the cPanel. They have complete server logs. These logs can be used for debugging if there is a server issue. They can also be used for processing any third-party services on the server.

Reseller

In this type of , the Reseller buys from a company and resells server space to multiple clients according to their needs. Each client gets their individual cPanel access. 

Search Engine Optimisation

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is a set of activities carried out to improve the ranking of the website on the search engine results page. This includes optimising the web page content and also the HTML code. 

SFTP (Secure File Transfer Protocol)

It is a network protocol for secure file transfer. It provides file transfer, file access, and file management over a reliable data stream. It uses a secure, single connection for file transfer.

Shared

Shared hosting is an economical form of where multiple users host their websites on the same server. Depending on the plan purchased, each user has limited access to the server resources.

Sitelock Basic

It is a website security service that monitors websites and prevents or detects security threats. It checks for malware or hacking attacks by monitoring the web pages on a daily basis.

Sitemap

A sitemap is the list of all web pages that are available within a website for users as well as for search engine crawlers. When you generate a Sitemap, you essentially inform all the search engines of the website content available.

Site Access Reports

Site Access reports are generated from the raw access log files. These reports turn the information in the raw log file into graphical representations that can be easily understood by the users.

SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

SMTP is a set of guidelines for sending over the internet. SMTP helps send messages from one computer to another using addresses.

Softaculous

Softaculous is a commercially available script library. It allows users to automatically install web applications. It is used to instal open-source software and takes care of installation, backup, and upgrade of all software automatically. It can be easily integrated with control panels such as cPanel, DirectAdmin, etc.

Spam

Spam refers to unsolicited messages that are sent in bulk. Spam messages are sent from unlawful or unethical sources. They might contain links to other unethical or illegal websites or may contain malware.

Spam Filter

A spam filter identifies spam s and labels them as spam and puts them in a separate folder. It uses various statistical and analytical tools to detect spam s by checking the subject line, sender id, and the body of the .

SSH (Secure Socket Shell)

It is a secure file transfer method. It also allows remote access to a computer.

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)

SSL is a secure encryption service for online transactions. When a website has an , the website address starts with ‘https’ as opposed to ‘http’. For e-commerce websites or other websites that accept payments from customers, an is required.

SSI (Server Side Includes)

SSI is a server-side scripting language that allows web developers to add HTML content from different files on web pages. It is usually used to include common content such as headers and footers on multiple web pages in a website.

Subdomain

A subdomain is a website domain that is part of the main domain. This website can have content of its own, independent of the main website. The website associated with the subdomain can be accessed from the website on the main domain or it can be accessed individually by entering the URL in the web browser.

(TLD) Top-Level Domain

The TLD is indicated by the part of the URL towards the end of the domain name, after the dot. Common TLDs include .com, .net, .org, etc. Country-specific TLDs are also available such as .co.uk for UK, .co.in for India, .jp for Japan, etc.

Traffic Distributer

When a website grows, it is common to maintain more than one environment to cope with the increasing demands on resources. In such cases, a traffic distributer routes the traffic in such a way that it becomes easy to manage requests without any failures.

Unlimited

Unlimited Hosting is a plan or package that provides unlimited resources such as storage space and bandwidth. However, you should always check the terms and conditions of an unlimited plan to understand exactly what is being offered.

Uptime

Uptime refers to the time when the server is up and running as desired, without any interruptions. This means that the website can be accessed without any issues by the users during the uptime. A service with an uptime of at least 99.95% should be preferred. 

Vertical Scaling

Vertical scaling refers to increasing the capa of an existing server by adding resources to it. For example, more processing speed can be added as part of vertical scaling to enable the server to run faster.

Virtual Datacenter

A Virtual Datacenter refers to a sy made up of cloud infrastructure resources such as memory, network, storage, backup solutions, etc. 

VPS

 VPS stands for Virtual Private Server and refers to a server that is partitioned virtually. Each partition has its own set of dedicated resources. For those who want the benefits of a dedicated server at an economical cost, VPS is an ideal solution.

Web Browser

A web browser is an application to display a webpage in a readable format. It decodes HTML from the webserver for displaying the webpage. Examples of commonly used web browsers include Safari, Chrome, Opera, and Internet Explorer.

Webmail

Webmail is a service for accessing s. Webmail is available in the cPanel where you can log in to send and receive s without having to use third-party software.

Website Backup  

Website backup involves taking the data backup of a website. If the website is compromised at any point due to accidental deletion of files, hacking, malware attack, etc., the backed-up data can be used to restore the website.

Website Migration

The process via which a website is moved from one service to another is known as website migration. It transfers all files from one host to another. During the time when website migration is in progress, the website is not available for users. 

Web hosting is a platform where your website is hosted. needs to be purchased from the company so that the website can be made live. The appropriate plan needs to be according to the requirement. Along with , the company also provides helpdesk services for support.

WordPress

WordPress is one of the most popular platforms for creating websites and blogs. It is an easy-to-use platform and has plenty of themes to choose from. It has a content management sy to make it easy to upload new content.

Zen Cart

It is a platform that enables setting up and managing an online store. It supports multiple languages and multiple currencies helping you tart a global e-commerce business.

Zimbra

Zimbra is an open-source platform. It provides services along with calendar services and business applications. It also allows users to share information and collaborate via a private cloud.